Presentation Details

The Fourth International Conference on Knowledge, Culture and Change in Organisations

Change Management and Educational Organizations

Rumaisa Shaukat.

Decades of qualitative and quantitative investigation on change management has provided a wealth of data on how and why change initiatives too often result in program failure, social stratification, resistance, and stress within the organization. Scholarly literature over the last few decades has demonstrated ‘resistance to change’ as renowned and prevalent phrase in the field of organizational development. However, most of the work done along these lines is more theoretical and procedural where scholars have listed inventories of procedures to be followed for the effective implementation of change initiatives and also guidance has been provided regarding how to do well as change agents.
Literature has crafted change implementation both as a straightforward and complex procedure. It is straightforward in the sense that we can initiate change whenever we want and complex in the sense that within an already established milieu, change does not occur the way as planned. When an idea is actually implemented, many additional factors become important players because the innovation process appears to be capable of producing major shifts in dependency and power among the actors. Even after the incorporation of change initiative, innovation remains an issue for an organization as a whole because of those who retain the time-honored beliefs. Consequently there is an increasing demand on planners and administrators to effectively manage resistance crisis to ensure that the change process goes smoothly. This paper examines organizational change and determinant factors of resistance to change through a comprehensive review of different strands of empirical and conceptual research studies conducted over the last few decades.


Rumaisa Shaukat  (Canada)
PhD student in Educational Administration
Faculty of Education
University of Ottawa

Upon receiving a Bachelor degree in Economics, I diversified my graduate studies by obtaining two Master degrees. During my studies in Master in English Literature, I examined the “theme of nothingness” in the novels of Samuel Beckett. My Master in Educational Administration evaluated the UNESCO sponsored educational project for developing countries entitled “Education for All (EFA)”. I evaluated the efficiency and effectiveness of this program with special reference to Punjab, in Pakistan. In general, my major research interests include organizational change and development, global social changes, and management and leadership development. Currently, I am a second year PhD student in the Faculty of Education, University of Ottawa. In my doctoral studies I am investigating “Resistance to change and organizational Development”.

  • Educational reforms
  • Organizational Change and resistance to change

(30 min. Conference Paper, English)